Although many people are brushing their teeth twice a day, every day, they may not be doing it properly. Correct brushing technique is important as improper brushing can lead to the damage of your enamel and insufficient removal of bacteria which can cause gum disease.
Angle your tooth brush at a 20° angle so that bristles are gentle touching the gum margin and brush in small circular motions. It is important that you do this gently, and avoid a ‘scrubbing’ backwards and forwards motion as this can literally scrub away your enamel, and recede gums resulting in sensitivity issues.
Ideally, you should move from the back tooth of the right hand side round to the back tooth on the left hand side, methodically moving from tooth to tooth, never missing any out. This methodical manner ensures that all teeth are cleaned, and prevents people from jumping around areas of the mouth which can commonly lead to areas being missed time and time again.
When you have cleaned the visible surface of your teeth, clean the surface closest to your palette in the exact same manner, and then finally scrub the surface you bite on. You can scrub this surface as it is much more resilient than the sides, and there is no gum to damage. Then move on and do exactly the same for your lower teeth. These steps should take around two minutes.
After you have finished brushing, spit out the excess toothpaste and do not rinse your mouth. Do not use mouthwash or water to rinse; this is a common error that many people do. If you do not rinse your mouth, the fluoride in the toothpaste is allowed to work for around 20 minutes, filtering between the teeth, strengthening and disinfecting. If water or mouthwash is used, it dilutes the toothpaste and the fluoride works for about 2 minutes instead of 20.